Country’s produced crops slagged by 4.7 percent in the 2014-2015 (June July) and this is a cause of concern for farmers.
“As per 4th Advance Estimates for 2014-15, total foodgrains production in the country is estimated at 252.68 million tonnes which are lower by 12.36 million tonnes than the last year’s record foodgrains production of 265.04 million tonnes.” an official statement stated.
As per the Agricultural ministry, detailed analysis of data production of Kharif crops during 2014-15 suffered due to the bad monsoon. Unseasonal rains/hailstorm during Feb-March 2015 had the significant impact on the production of rabi crops. As a result of the setback in Kharif as well as rabi seasons, the production of most of the crops in the country has declined during 2014-15.
As per these estimates, the production of major crops during 2014-15 is as under:
In an agricultural year (July-June), the Directorate of Economics & Statistics (DES), Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture releases four Advance Estimates followed by Final Estimates of production of major agricultural crops of the country.
- First Advance Estimates, released in September when Kharif sowing is generally over, cover only Kharif crops.
- Second Advance Estimates are released in February next year when rabi sowing is also over.
These estimates covering Kharif as well as rabi crops take into account firmed up figures on Kharif area coverage along with available data on crop cutting experiments for yield assessment of Kharif crops and tentative figures on area coverage of rabi crops. Third Advance Estimates incorporating revised data on area coverage for rabi crops and better yield estimates of Kharif crops are released in April-May.
The Member Secretary, National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), R.K. Jain review the Monsoon situation in view of the India Meteorological Department (IMD) forecast of very heavy to extremely heavy rains over the next couple of days.
He also said the states of Sikkim, West Bengal, Bihar and Assam. States were advised to be on maximum alert and be ready to deal with any situation. The Member Secretary, NDMA offered all possible assistance in terms of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) Teams.
Fourth Advance Estimates are released in July-August and by this time fully firmed up data on the area as well as the yield of Kharif crops and rabi crops are expected to be available with the States. As such, Fourth Advance Estimates are considered to be almost as good as Final Estimates released in next February along with Second Advance Estimates for the subsequent agricultural year. In order to allow sufficient time to States to take into account even the delayed information while finalizing area and yield estimates of various crops, the Final Estimates are released about seven months after the Fourth Advance Estimates and no revision in the State level data is accepted after release of Final Estimates by DES.
As per the report of Inter-Conference Symposium of International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE) on Re-visiting Agriculture Policies in the Light of Globalisation Experience which was jointly organized by the Indian Society of Agricultural Economics, Mumbai; National Institute of Agricultural Extension Management (MANAGE), Hyderabad; Professor JayashankarTelangana State Agricultural University and Acharya N.G.Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad during October 12-13, 2014 , where their objectives were :
• To facilitate an interaction among researchers and stakeholders on agricultural policies in the context of globalization.
• Document the problems emanating from globalisation that have not been seriously addressed by the government policies and strategies and suggest suitable policy options.
Outputs and Recommendations
The farm size in Asia is declining and, therefore, an introduction of large scale mechanization is difficult in the presence of rigidities in land reallocation. There is a need for partial land expansion to meet the future global food demands.
2. Ensuring food security and eliminating mass mal-nutrition is perhaps India’s biggest and most serious development problem and challenge for policy makers.
3. The minimum support price policy in conjunction with other supportive measures such as appropriate technology, infrastructure and advance exam policy can play an important role in accelerating the pace of diversified agricultural growth.
4. The agricultural extension system in India continues to face several challenges despite the serious efforts to develop strategies and intervention programmes to address and reform the system. An effective monitoring and evaluation system is called for whereby the farmers will receive the intended information and services.
5. In India, irrigation water cost is not properly accounted by CACP/farm management surveys. It is crucial to revise the methodology followed by CACP by properly accounting for cost of groundwater.
The Indian farmer’s fate depends on the seasonal monsoon because half of country’s farmers lacks the irrigation. Farmers unable to utilize the sudden rainfall and hailstorm which has stagnant the growth of crops.It is crucial for govt to find an alternative or else India will be not known for agriculture based country it will become the drought-prone country.