“Of the total 17,987 textile factories across India, about 12,688 factories were operational and about 5,300 were non-operational as of 2010-11,” revealed the study titled ‘State-wise assessment of textile sector & recommendations.’
D.S. Rawat, national secretary general of ASSOCHAM while releasing the findings of the study said, “While the total number of textile factories grew at a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of about five per cent during the decade of 2000-01 and 2010-11, the non-operational textile factories grew at a whopping 23 per cent and the textile factories under operation grew at a CAGR of a meagre two per cent.”
According to the study, Tamil Nadu alone accounts for about 54 per cent of non-operating textile units, incurring loss of over two lakh job opportunities, followed by Gujarat (16 per cent), Maharashtra (over 10 per cent), Punjab (over four per cent) and UP (over three per cent).
“Low productivity, lack of advanced manufacturing technologies, lack of foreign investments, supply chain bottlenecks, lack of economies of scale, labour related challenges, issues arising due to a fragmented industry and weak brand positioning are certain key reasons for non-operation of textile units,” said Rawat. “Increased domestic competition together with competition from global players and high initial investment cost for state of the art production facilities are other emerging challenges being faced by Indian textile industry.”
The share of jobs lost due to shutting down of textile factories in India has increased from over six per cent in 2000-01 to about 42 per cent in 2010-11. “This is a matter of grave concern as the organized textile sector apart from creating significant number of jobs of over 14 lakh, also contributes about four per cent to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and 10.1 percent to the total exports earnings,” added the ASSOCHAM secretary general.
Technology up-gradation, skill up-gradation, inflow of foreign investments, partnership with international labels, brand promotion, flexible labour policy are certain key suggestions listed by ASSOCHAM to make the textile industry financially viable thereby minimizing the share of non-operational factories.