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Regulations governing organic food exports

 
India is ranked at the 88th position with respect to agriculture land earmarked for organic crops. Exports of organic food products garnered $157.2 million in FY 2010-11, according to government data. Here is an abstract of the regulations governing export of organic foods.

India’s Agriculture and Processed Foods Export Development Authority (APEDA) defines organic products as products ‘grown under a system of agriculture without the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides with an environmentally and socially responsible approach.’

India, at present, is ranked 33rd when it comes to the total land area under organic farming, according to APEDA.

The European Union (EU) is the largest market for India’s organic foods and 60 percent of our exports make their way into the EU, according to data published on smallb.in, SDIBI’s entrepreneur-focused website. The US is the second largest market. Japan, Canada, Australia and countries in east Asia are key market as well.

The regulations listed on smallb.in have been sourced from inspection, verification, testing and certification firm SGS, which operates several offices in India.

The regulations, sourced from smallb.in, follow:

For the USA and North America

The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Marketing Service administers programs that facilitate the efficient, fair marketing of U.S. agricultural products, including food, fiber, and specialty crops. The USDA defines Organic production as a system that is managed in accordance with the Organic Foods Production Act (OFPA) of 1990 (PDF) and regulations in Title 7, Part 205 of the Code of Federal Regulations to respond to site-specific conditions by integrating cultural, biological, and mechanical practices that foster cycling of resources, promote ecological balance, and conserve biodiversity.

For the EU and Africa

The European Union (EU) requires Organic Certification as per NPOP which is considered equivalent to Council Regulation (EEC) No. 834/2007 and Swiss Organic Farming Ordinance for plant products originating in India.

The Middle East and Far East regions require food products being exported to meet the organic certification as per NPOP which is considered equivalent to Council Regulation (EEC) No. 834/2007

For Japan

In Japan, the measurement happens in accordance to the Food labeling & Japanese Agricultural Standard as defined by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. JAS for organic products can be viewed here