New Delhi: The Cabinet on Wednesday approved the Constitution Amendment Bill on Goods and Services Tax (GST), clearing the way for its introduction in ongoing session of Parliament to bring about long-pending indirect tax reforms.
The Bill was approved by the Cabinet late this evening and it is likely to be tabled in the ongoing winter session of Parliament that concludes on Dec. 23, sources said.
The revised Constitutional Amendment Bill was brought before the Cabinet after the Centre and states earlier this week reached a consensus on contentious issues, including those related to petroleum product taxation, which were holding up the proposed nation-wide indirect tax regime for about seven years.
The GST will subsume most of the indirect taxes like excise duty and service tax at the central level and VAT and local levies on the states front. The GST Bill was last introduced in the Lok Sabha in 2011 by the then UPA government but lapsed, requiring the new NDA government to come with a new Bill.
Earlier this week in a compromise deal, the Centre decided to keep petroleum out of GST in return for states agreeing to entry tax being subsumed in the new tax regime.
On the issue of compensation to states for revenue loss because of subsuming of all indirect taxes in the GST, the Finance Ministry was to seek legal opinion on how it could be accommodated in the Constitution Amendment Bill that it wants to table in the ongoing Winter session of Parliament.
States, which earn over 50% of their revenues from taxes on petrol and other petro products, wanted to be out of GST so they could continue with levying different tax rates on these products.
In the three rounds of talks that held last week, states insisted that the compensation part should be included in the Constitution Amendment Bill. The idea of moving towards the GST was first mooted by the then Finance Minister P Chidambaram in his Budget for 2006-07.
Initially, it was proposed that GST would be introduced by April 1, 2010. Consultant KPMG in India said it would be important for all stakeholders to ensure that GST covers all transactions including petroleum, real estate and electricity in due course, if not immediately.
It said the GST will be a turning point in India's history of fiscal reforms and facilitate the rise of an economic super power. Another consultancy Deloitte said the sign of the introduction of this reform will further encourage the industry and give confidence to investors.
Grant Thornton India LLP said implementation of GST is already identified by various leading economists to not only augment revenue collection for the government but also add 2 per cent points to the GDP growth of the Indian economy.